Executive Summary

logo

HelioHydroElectric Potential Prefeasibility Study EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Prepared by Martin Nix B.U.S, A.A.S. Seattle, WA, August, 2015

ABSTRACT: HelioHydroElectric is a little known solar engineering technology, using salt/sea water and solar power to create evaporation ponds for artificial rain in deserts. Worldwide there are large HelioHydroElectric resources. Located worldwide are dry endorheic salt lakes. These can be flooded with salt/sea water to create clouds from evaporation. The additional rainfall would increase vegetation, thus removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. HelioHydroElectric technology is the only technology that can actually remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The additional rainfall in deserts will increase agriculture and provide new living space. Not only can salt/sea water be used, but also underground alkali aquifer water can be used to flood these dry salt lakes. It is proposed that wind and solar power be used, along with energy conservation, for water pumping. Development of HelioHydroElectric has the potential of solving the drought problem and reversing Global Warming worldwide. It is concluded that if fully developed worldwide, 281.1cu bic miles of rain water would be created each year, removing a total of 40,025,460,310 tons of C02 per year. This is nearly equivalent to the amount of C02 mankind generates each year. Plus, nearly 181,526,693 barrels of

biofuel/biodiesel oil from algae grown in these lakes would be created. It is estimated that worldwide, 379,135 square miles of dry salt lakes could be flooded with salt/alkaline water. It is estimated that 363,482 Megawatts would be needed to pump this large volume of salt/alkaline water into deserts regions. This is well within the existing generation capacity of mankind. It is estimated there is approximately -5,368 Megawatts that can be generated from sites below sea level (such as the Dead Sea) worldwide. HelioHydroElectric would create an additional 1,494,763 square miles of grasslands

in deserts. HelioHydroElectric can restore water in the Colorado River, thus solving the drought in California. The author utilized estimating techniques, in part due to the difficulty of obtaining current geologic data, much of it none existent. The author argues that much of the conflict in the Middle East is caused by the drought. HelioHydroElectric can be a military solution to the Islamic State.

HelioHydroElectric will solve Global Warming. It is hoped this paper will spur conversations and funding for a full feasibility study.

WORLDWIDE POTENTIAL

Location Potential Evaporation of Rain Water**

Iran & Region

Cubic Feet/Day 55,754,406,720

Cubic Feet/Second 644,470

Cubic Miles/Yea r 138.0

Pakistan & Region

3,170,901,280

36,660

7.8

India

2,787,840,000

32,266

6.9

Southwest USA

1,070,086,924

12,542

2.6

Middle East

7,193,343,091

87,785

17.8

Africa

11,413,225,680

132,073

28.2

South America

4,709,987,158

54,618

11.6

Australia

5,758,343,068

65,379

14.2

China/Mongolia

22,585,391,880

259,904

56.0

Worldwide Total:

114,443,555,800

1,325,697

283.1

**Assumes 1% evaporation rate per day per surface area.

Location

WORLDWIDE POTENTIAL

Energy Requirements for Pumping*

Iran & Region

Megawatts (Theory) 33,699MW

Megawatts (Practical) 67,398MW

Below Sea Level

3,596MW

Pakistan & Region

5,204

10,408

0

India

122

244

0

Southwest USA

4,807

9,614

-26

Middle East

10,277

20,554

1025

Africa

32,803

65,606

-432

South America

29,941

59,882

0

Australia

4,140

8,280

-30

China/Mongolia

60,748

121,496

-259

Worldwide Total: 181,741MW 363,482MW 5,368MW

**** Total square miles is an estimate. Geologic data was difficult to obtain,in some case did not exist. Author used a best guess estimate” for square miles. Sometimes names did not exist, the author used local features for names.

***** Number of sites is actually unknown. However, a best guess estimate” was used,when geologic data was absent. Not all sites can be developed due to wildlife,etc. However, some sites are very feasible. Attempt was made to locate dry salt lakes,which are flat and dry.(endorheic lakes)

Location

WORLDWIDE POTENTIAL SURFACE AREA ESTIMATE

Iran & Region

Total Square Miles****

199,840

Number of Sites*****

11

Pakistan & Region

12,545

11

India

10,000

1

Southwest USA

8,330

161

Middle East

19,301

88

Africa

38,403

54

South America

12,845

7

Australia

20,257

28

China/Mongolia

57,614

29

Worldwide Total:

379,135

390

**** Total square miles is an estimate. Geologic data was difficult to obtain,in some case did not exist. Author used a best guess estimate” for square miles. Sometimes names did not exist; the author used local features for names.

***** Number of sites is actually unknown. However, a best guess estimate” was used,when geologic data was absent. Not all sites can be developed due to wildlife,etc. However, some sites are very feasible. Attempt was made to locate dry salt lakes, which are flat and dry. (endorheic lakes}

WORLDWIDE POTENTIAL

Location ALGAE CARBON DIOXIDE REMOVAL POTENTIAL

Total Square Miles

(Tons/day)

(Tons/year)

Iran & Region

199,840

27,856,097

10,167,475,510

Pakistan & Region

12,545

1,748,672

638,265,513

India

10,000

1,393,920

508,780,800

Southwest USA

8,330

1,161,135

423,814,406

Middle East

19,301

2,690,404

981,997,822

Africa

38,403

5,353,070

1,953,870,550

South America

12,845

1,790,490

653,528,850

Australia

20,257

2,823,663

1,030,636,995

China/Mongolia

57,614

8,030,930

2,931,289,450

Worldwide Total:

379,135

52,848,381

19,289,659,900

-Assumes 100 square feet of Algae grown removes 1pound of C02 from the atmosphere per day.

-Total Square Miles x 5280ft x 5280ft = Total Square Feet.

-Total Square Feet/ 100 square feet per pound C02 removed / 2000 lbs per ton= Total Tons removed of C02 from atmosphere per day.

-Multiply by 365 to get amount removed per year.

Location

WORLDWIDE POTENTIAL

RAIN CARBON DIOXIDE REMOVAL POTENTIAL

Evaporation Rate/Year Square Miles Tons/Year Cubic Miles Grasslands Created C02 Removed

Iran & Region

1

38.0

728,640

10,156,658,690

Pakistan & Region

7.8

41,184

574,072,012

India

6.9

36,432

507,832,934

Southwest USA

2.6

13,728

191,357,337

Middle East

17.8

93,984

1,310,061,773

Africa

28.2

148,891

2,075,421,427

South America

11.6

61,248

853,748,121

Australia

14.2

74,976

1,045,105,459

China/Mongolia

56.0

295,680

4,121,542,656

Worldwide Total: 283.1 1,494,763 20,735,800,410

-Assume 1square foot of grassland removes 1pound of C02 per year.

-Assume one cubic mile of rain per year creates 5280 square miles of grass lands.

-Square miles grasslands created x 5280 ft x 5280 /2000 lbs per ton=Total/Year

C02 removed.

-Assume 12 inches of artificial rain created by HelioHydroElectric creates one pound of grass in grasslands per square foot.

-The MicroClimate effect adds additional rainfall,thus the amount of rainfall should be greater than 12 inches per year.

TOTAL CARBON DIOXIDE REMOVED PER YEAR BY HelioHydroElectric 19,289,659,900 + 20,735,800,410= 40,025,460,310 Tons/Year

Mankind generates 39,800,000,000 Tons/Year of Carbon Dioxide.

HelioHydroElectric if fully developed worldwide would remove all the C02 created by Mankind.

WORLDWIDE POTENTIAL Location ALGAE BIOFUEL/BIODIESEL POTENTIAL

Iran & Region

Tons/day 27,856,097

Barrels/Day 98,315,636

Pakistan & Region

1,748,672

6,171,783

India

1,393,920

4,919,717

Southwest USA

1,161,135

4,098,123

Middle East

2,690,404

9,495,543

Africa

5,353,070

18,893,188

South America

1,790,490

6,319,376

Australia

2,823,663

9,965,869

China/Mongolia

8,030,930

23,344,458

Worldwide Total:

52,848,381

181,526,693

-Assume that one pound of C02 makes 1/3 equal weight in Biofuel/Biodiesel.

-Assume 30% efficiency of process.

-Assume one barrel of oil weighs 170 pounds.

-Convert one ton to 2,000 pounds.

Tons/day x 2,000 pounds per ton / 170 pounds per barrel of oil x 30% efficiency=Barrel s/Day of Biofuel/Biodiesel fuel made.

HelioHydroElectric can potentially make 181,526,693 Barrels of oil per day.

Conclusion:Proposed is the pumping of salt/seawater inland to various endroheic dry lakes for flooding of existing dry salt lakes to create clouds, and thus artificial rain. This technology, known as HelioHydroElectric technology, will create more vegetation in the desert, region and in mountains, thus reversing Global Warming. It will stimulate the economy of the world, and help solve many conflicts worldwide caused by lack of water and drought. Solar pumping technology is now very well developed. This Prefeasibility study is mostly to study the potential for construction of such a project. It is hoped that funding for a complete feasibility study can be located so as to determine the environmental impact, climate impact, and economic impact along with construction plans and cost. Israel,Jordan and Palestine are presently constructing the Red to Dead Sea project, so as to add additional moisture to the region. Egypt has under study the Qattara Depression project. This is being reviewed elsewhere. Iran and Pakistan are considering HelioHydroElectric projects. It is proposed that these sites be evaluated for future development.

This is no visionary than what TVA and Hoover Dam were in 1915, history repeats itself.

Leave a Reply